The most joyous time for a woman is having a baby. The excitement of going through the whole pregnancy and getting a baby to your home is palpable. Pregnancy is different for each woman and you need to be prepared for all changes that your body will go through during the pregnancy. For most women, the first trimester begins on the first day of last period and lasts until the end of week 12. By the time, you confirm your pregnancy, you might already be five or six weeks pregnant. In this article, we described the when is the first trimester over? So let’s start to check them below:
During the first trimester, the baby grows faster than at any other time. A heartbeat can be heard usually till the end of six weeks and by the end of week 12, baby’s bones, muscles and all the organs have formed. At this point, a little human being is formed inside your womb and is called a fetus.
Following are some major concerns during pregnancy:
What will happen to your body during your first trimester?
During the pregnancy, your body goes through a lot of changes and most of them happen till the end of the first trimester. During the first trimester, your body will release hormones that affect almost every single organ in your body. The first sign you get is missing a period. Every woman should know when is the first trimester over.
Following are the major changes that happen during the first trimester:
- Upset stomach
- Mood Swings and Cravings
- Tender Breasts
- Weight gain
What happens to a fetus during the first trimester?
By the end of the first trimester, an embryo is formed inside your womb. At about 10 or 14 days, an egg is released. It combines with the sperm and conception occurs. The baby develops rapidly during the first trimester. The brain and spinal cord begin to develop and organs start to form. Baby’s heartbeat can also be heard by the end of the first trimester. When is the first trimester over? The answer is, by the end of the first trimester, the fingers, the toes and sex organs of the baby have formed and the baby is about 3 inches long and weighs almost 1 ounce.
How to stay healthy during the first trimester?
Your health during the first trimester depends on your choices to take care of yourself. When is the first trimester over, till that time you need to be aware of what to do and what to avoid to stay healthy during the pregnancy and especially to keep your developing baby healthy till the end of the first trimester?
During the first trimester, you should try to do the following things:
- Take prenatal vitamins
- Exercise regularly especially do Kegel exercises
- Drink a lot of water
- Eat high fruit, vegetables, low-fat protein and fiber
You should avoid following things during your first trimester:
- Any training affecting your stomach
- Caffeine (at most one cup per day)
- Foods having the high level of mercury
- Unpasteurized milk or other dairy products
What will your doctor do during the first trimester?
The first trimester is the most important time in your pregnancy as it needs more care to successfully continue the pregnancy. In your first visit to your doctor, he/she will take a full health history and perform a full physical and pelvic exam.
Your doctor may also do the following:
- Perform an Ultrasound to confirm your pregnancy
- Perform a Pap test
- Check your blood pressure and thyroid levels
- Test for sexually transmitted infections, HIV and hepatitis
- Estimate your due delivery date based on the first day of your last period
After around 11 weeks, the doctor will perform a test called a nuchal translucency (NT) scan. The test uses the ultrasound to measure the baby’s head and thickness of the baby’s neck. It can help find out any genetic disorder present in your baby and also help you when is the first trimester over.